Here’s a recent example of the kind of caste conflict that continues in rural India, often surrounding access to temples. This video (made by a left-wing organization- yes, various branches of Communist parties are still alive in India today- unlike the US! ) gives one a taste of the reality that many outcaste or Dalit people face, particularly in rural India. Often the group that attacks or tries to limit then are themselves lower-caste people who are just above Dalits in the social order and who feel threatened. And so often, money and power are involved.
Although India has urbanized dramatically in recent decades, 70% of Indians still live in rural areas. Their lives are in many ways are still untouched by modern development.